Colorado’s Deepest Snowpack
Buffalo Pass is home to one of Colorado’s deepest snowpacks. A 100-inch base isn’t out of the ordinary come mid-February for the Pass. Our special use permit, issued in 1983, from the Medicine Bow-Routt National Forest allows us the opportunity to take you into this remarkable powder factory.
Click on the below button and check out the TOWER SITE which is the snow measuring SNOTEL device high up on Buffalo Pass. It is typcially the deepest SNOTEL site in Colorado.
Buffalo Pass is situated in the Park Range which is a North-South mountain range. During the winter, as storms come in from the Pacific Ocean on west and especially north-west flow, the Park Range is perfectly situated to block the moist air. As the air stalls and rises up and over the Park Range, this forms orographic lifting – which is a fancy term for ‘major snowfall’.
Read about this weather phenomenon and why the Park Range is a snow factory here.
In May of 2011, Buffalo Pass snow levels officially topped a Colorado record for snow accumulation. That’s right, the Tower Site, which measures remote snowpack levels for the Natural Resources Conservation Service, hit a level never recorded in the history of record keeping here in Colorado. Read more about this historical snow amount here in the article from the Denver Post.
Elevations on Buffalo Pass range from 8,272 feet in elevation to 10,804 feet on Soda Mountain and 10, 379 feet on Buffalo Mountain. For reference, the elevation of Mt. Werner which is at the top of the Steamboat Ski Area is 10,568 feet (3224 meters). All of the terrain on Buffalo Pass is below “tree line” which in Colorado is around 11 – 12,000 feet.
Named for the bison that remained on the Pass after they had been exterminated elsewhere, Buffalo Pass was a common route for the early settlers to the area before the road over Rabbit Ears Pass was built. The Buffalo Pass Road was originally built in 1894, south of a historic Ute trail that also went over the Pass. The Continental Divide here on Buffalo Pass is at one of it’s lowest elevations here in Colorado.
Glaciers played a big part in how the landscape of Steamboat Springs and Buffalo Pass now look. Glaciers were at their peak in our region about 125,000 years ago during the Pleistocene era. Two specific glaciers running down what are now Fish Creek and Soda Creek carved out vast canyons that border Buffalo Pass. Learn more about our local glacier history here.